Deleuze Guattari: Societies of Control and Antipsychiatry



historically if the energetic machine expressed the Disciplinary bourgeoise society of the 18th and 19th centuries computers electronic and cybernetic machines express what Deleuze calls the society of control the latter cannot be separated from a shifting capitalism from speculation and accumulation towards circulation the abstract and often dizzying process of buying and selling products in which the importance of marketing exceeds that of commodities themselves digital technologies that enable and accelerate circulation are part of a global network society that has no out border or limit in their very last works published in 1989 and 1992 to lose and get three address more openly new media especially in connection with the cultural and social impact Deleuze disinterred and effectively popularizes the term societies of control in his 1990 PostScript there says that these societies are made possible through new media they are one with globalization insofar as the latter is defined as a worldwide circulation of electronic information institutions defined by structures of inclusion and exclusion what used to be called the establishment are being progressively replaced with our ubiquitous mechanism of control by way of incessant cybernetic feedback polling and marketing as such human social relations and social space both private and public have been reduced to a kind of market where the expression of meaning and communicating between people most often takes the shallow form of advertisement and when normal human activities of connecting are reduced to their social or market value with the onset of new media and networking to lose notes both an extension and an intensification of capitalism the spread of technologically manufactured culture what Adorno called the culture industry or mass culture permeates every aspect of the public psyche and infects the social fabric of global communities when people are Limoge anice when social economic and cultural homogenization becomes the moral standard and their desires controlled possibilities of resistance are they claim if not rendered impossible at least strongly diminished it is of importance then to invent ways of thinking that would enable people to break free with the onslaught of cultural relic and the vortex and homogeneous information in order to do so they would need to escape a narcissistic necrosis into which techno capitalist economies have put them blur seems to pay more attention to processes of subjective ation in an era of full smooth spaces and generalized homogenization under the impact of marketing to counteract the weakening of creative resistance Deleuze insists on the process of subjectification finding oneself in addition to channeling people's desires societies of control based their strategies on the accelerated circulation of information and the selling of manufactured products that now lay claim to the arts blur seems rather pessimistic about the emergence of new singular and collective assemblages the emergence of new voices like those of the proletariat or those of the third world in 1968 and it's aftermath is no longer possible in a global world of advertising where all values are calibrated under the sign and money because of money speech the des lunes is rotten to the core maybe speech and communication have been corrupted to such an extent today the bill thoroughly permeated by the Prophet Maxim and not by accident but by their very nature firk de louvre in global societies of control that function by virtue of new media it is impossible to capture human meaning through speech in an information-based society cognitive skills of calculation replace a more psychoanalytic concept of fraying mechanical reflexes replace conscious self-reflection and acquisition replaces creativity the making of creative connections between people in society and the opening of passages that lead to significant things personal relations becomes much more difficult and not something that can be accomplished in a relaxed State unlike simple revolution persuading the people of today to become aware of the invisible Ward's of control that imprisoned them requires excessive amounts of power and intelligence after all you cannot escape a prison if you don't know you are in one real revolution tune only occur when there is an opposing force that can be practically criticized and revolted against people cannot protest against societies that are immune to effective criticism especially when they are controlled to such an extent that the society itself advertises itself as an open and free society it is not so much the digital technologies themselves but how they are implemented in the new society that leads to oppression and Debrecen thinking how then faced with the new mechanism of control can creative resistance be marshaled in a society of control that optimizes a seamless smooth circulation of information while Deleuze recognizes both the increasing difficulty of resistance and the weakening of a generalized becoming minute Orion Jiri states the necessity not only of making rhizomes and lines but also of having continued recourse to the war machine in a massive digital era primarily to dispel dominant values that for him our associated with technocratic neo capitalism and marketing the media have reduced everything to sameness consumers worldwide have the same imaginary their censorial reality is composed of the same pabulum of images and photographs to bring about transformation or merging as people produced by mass media have to be replaced by processes of self-discovery gantry takes great pains to distinguish between the vitamin fed fake creation that as part of the capitalist system and another creativity that leads to the opening of new spaces of importance in the world of increasing homogeneity is to make possible the emergence of new forms even of mutations that is the new singular and collective assemblages to resist dominant a Buress and thinking imposed by the media in the guise of a faulty smooth space of information with the onset of a digital world there is an obsession with communication that enables the spread of advertising and marketing resistance as it was known in the 1960s and 70s has definitely been weakened it is the intensification of capitalism and the appropriation of the mass media by a global elite that produced zombie-like subjects and prevent people from thinking creatively marketing and an unprecedented fetishizing of money aim at controlling the imaginary and doing away with the desire for resistance and emancipation the digital world includes new forms of psychological oppression infantile ization and control of the masses and the recreation or complicating of new inequalities but also forms of liberation the freedom to connect and open up new spaces the capitalism that Kalu's and gotcha designated as the main culprit to be resisted has been displaced by the ubiquitous catch words of democracy and human rights the question today is less one of opposing the old enemy of capitalism than of creating feasible democracy as Jacque to ride a road in 2003 before his death the term democracy is bandied around as a cliche when people create or invent new ideas they do not know if they play the social game in their niche or if they actually but to destroy these niches and produce and put in circulation differences that cannot be assimilated by the dominant state of the world fer de Luz any machine or technology is social before it is technical as de Luz states in his essay on societies of control any technology or machine is an expression of a given social form and is neither its cause nor its effect for this reason machines can and do exist on any scale and can be both material and immaterial visible or invisible human or cybernetic contemporary machines expressed something about a given Society of today computers are the latest technological evolution and significantly a further mutation of capitalism that excretes from every pore of the control society the digital society or assemblage is a complexity that goes well beyond the simplicity of increased control offered by boolean logic and binary digit and the very term control like the term digital needs unpacking we know from Norbert Winer's text on cybernetics control in the animal and the machine that the word cybernetic is derived from the Greek word for governor thus it is often said that if human beings are cybernetic if they have been mechanized it is because the government itself is not really human but is ultimately ruled by social technology wireless notion of cybernetics and society states that linguistic feedback in humans was the most primary involvement towards the more advanced technologies that we would say control us in the present a theory of cybernetics is not complete without a mathematical model of entropy and its expression in specific kinds of infamous station which whiner has developed from Shannon and Gibbs a principle of energy information entropy and the statistical mechanics of the gaseous state of matter if disciplinary man was a discontinuous producer of energy the man of control is undulatory in orbit in a continuous network of fluidic and gaseous States this is what allows the element of control to permeate manipulate aggravate and formed public opinion the same way as does the media Dillard's and gantries problematize ations of machines lead them to a concept of the multiplicity without senescence or better a nomadic essence machines are in a word multiplicities got three advocates viewing machines in their complex totality in all their technological social seem illogical and doxological avatars everywhere control is replacing discipline as an abstract machine that invests the entire social field today although it is also a function of disciplinary assemblages controllers an abstract machine differs from discipline in many ways in control societies the form of content the machine a form is the distributed network whose model supplants the panopticon as a diagram of control distributed networks deep territorial eyes the Disciplinary assemblage there is a shift from mastery of the visible space to the integrated management of information and control operates less through confinement than through the use of tracking systems that follow you so to speak out the door and into the open the abstract machine of control no longer normalizes its object as disciplined us normative information rather is integrated into numerous codes of society the numerical lang of Control says Dylan's is made of codes that mark access to information or rejected for example your passwords or DNA codes are the form of expression or enunciation in control societies unlike norms which demand prolonged educational political social religious or ethical training to instill codes only require programming and activation society is basically an encoding machine this is the social machines supreme task to code women and children flows of herds of sheep of seed sperm flows flows of menstrual flows nothing must escape coding imminent within society our decoding machines that carry it away and open it to the outside capital is such a machine Deleuze and gat trie note that the general business of the pre-capitalist social machine is to over code flows of desire capital decodes these codes and places them in flux decoded desire and the desire for decoding exists in all societies even pre-capitalist ones but capitalism turns them into axioms and ends of production this does not mean codes do not existing capitalist societies in fact they proliferate even more in the way for example fashion codes proliferate through their continuous decoding or decoded DNA can be recoded capital does not aim to make codes extinct but to produce fluid codes that adapt to its changing technical means of control in disciplinary societies capital takes a code of enclosure originally designed for prisons and adapts it to factories schools homes and other sites of production the code of enclosure Indus plenary societies is the panopticon muller of seeing without being seen in control society's capital decodes the panopticon enclosure which is no longer sufficient to model flows of information across networks in this same way control society's experiment with the limits of panopticon closure and the serial connection of spaces these are organized by a model not of visibility but of communication over distributed networks distributed networks are relatively deep territory lies in the sense that they are not bound by location but are not totally free either instead they have logins and passwords that allow or restrict access to them instead of enclosing you your body they enclose your information postmodern capital continuously decodes these codes since networks are always in flux and information threatens to leak in and out in one sense control societies are just disciplinary societies in a radically decoded form the project of technological neo capitalism today is to engineer the disciplines directly into our DNA which after all is just coded information the final frontier in this project is to transform human society into a distributed bio network of memetic machines whose relations nanotechnologies can adjust in real time all in the name of power and money decode and de territory lies enclosure make it flow de Luz remarks at the end of his essay that in control societies the corporation not the prison or the government becomes the model of every organization corporate capital breaks down walls in order to deconstruct every human desire every social relation percept effect and indeed the entirety of natural life on the planet that is capable of commodification by being commercialized photographed on a massive scale and either stored or shared over the internet Deleuze is not referring to the centralized stratified hierarchical corporation of the past the postmodern corporation of consumer democracies is a distributed global network global business global labor global exploitation all operate under the new imperatives of fluidity and flexibility but what has changed with control societies is not just the institutional model that organizes it with its machine a form Daluz says that disciplinary societies modeled individuals while control societies modulate them there is nothing mysterious about what Deleuze calls dividuals in control societies they are the opposite of individuals they are the producers of the new Dividing practices in politics and society the practices that distribute information rather than bodies and that used networks rather than physical enclosures to separate and distribute functions from the dividuals of today be considered subjects in the traditional and modern sense not in focus sense of discipline normalized people they are not self controlled but controlled in advance through simulation and modeling more designed than goes I'll dividuals our database constructions derived from rich highly textured information on ranges of individuals that can be recombined in endless ways for whatever purposes they are the abstract digital producers of data mining technologies and search engines and computer profiling and they are profiled digital targets of advertising insurance schemes and opinion polls a dividual is a date of distribution open to precise modulation stripped down to whatever information construct is required for a specific intervention task or transaction increasingly postmodern subjectivity is defined by interaction with information meshes and the fractal dividuals they produce although discipline is an abstract machine taken over by capital and it's socio technical mechanisms of control in the 19th century there is no necessary historical alignment between them discipline in a society organized the long non-capitalist non-technical lines would take very different and perhaps far more positive forms it is not disciplined per se that as the issue but how's an abstract machine it can joins a socio technical assemblage for example capitalist means of production and D territory alized decoded environment for example non-capitalist modes of consumption there is still much to understand about how discipline creates the potential for positive social encounters rather than the exploitative relations and destroyed communities and traditions of capitalist societies in an interesting argument that draws on blurring gap tree hardened paul negra suggested networks produce a new common and that this comment takes the form of the public multitude it is the common and the multitude that today constitute the outside of the distributed network what the abstract machine of control simultaneously produces and excludes what it encloses yet what escapes it at every turn the new common as hard Negri describe it refers to the hegemony of immaterial production in the modern global organization of labor ultimately a material production is gear not just to the manufacture of goods and services hardened Negri recognized that the problem of the information common involves not only class and labor issues but the control of life itself in all its complexity it is not just technical production however hardened Negri described the global context to biopower as a permanent state of civil war governed by exceptionalism and unilateralism in global politics and economics high intensity police actions preemptive strikes and of course network control the dominant climate of the new common is fear and greed accompanied by the need for security or the absence of risk in post modernity the need for security replaces defense as the moral justification for global police intervention of all kinds in military matters to be sure but also in economic political and cultural affairs in matters of health sexuality education entertainment and so on in arguments reminiscent of Marx that the development of the means of global communication create the potential for revolutionary organization of labor part and Negri show how global information systems have not only destabilized traditional forms of private property and cut across class divisions but have also cut across the natural differences of race gender and other hierarchies producing a common poverty contemporary non issues such as racism feminism and gay rights have been fundamentally rethought and overcomplicated their premise that they have resurfaced problems in society aggravated by the very progressive forces that demand greater equality Louis does not have the politics of control societies if that implies a unitary concept or critique of them a politics cannot be separated from an ethics and aesthetics a technics and so on the problem is rather the multiplicity of assemblages and the abstract Mis of control nothing privileges political ovaries thetic technical or other forms of resistance to network control the use of network smart network practices like file-sharing hacking encryption the use of proxies for anonymity podcasting a denial of service attacks open-source application development along with more traditional methods like refusal to use networks and plugging and so on there is many ways to resist information control just as there is no universal form of control there is no universal mode of resistance to control because control societies are just beginning our knowledge of the Mazzoli categorical no one can predict the direction that control society will take in the future certainly the corporate state war machine will attempt to create and use the organization of community and community based networks to its own advantage in his essay Toulouse notes a shift from the factory form of organization to which discipline belongs to that of the corporation to which the new form of control belongs he describes the corporation as being gaseous that is as a fluid this is significant because if one can conceive of the corporation as fluid in character then its actions must take on the character of a fluid as well since the postmodern corporation is not built on a conceptual hierarchy with an owner a president or boss manages and so forth the corporation is essentially autonomous and autocratic its mode of organization is no different from that of a gas wireless cybernetics also proposes to look at mechanical behavior in systems and says that cybernetics must be founded on the great revolution of Gibbs and Boltzmann statistical mechanics the statistical mechanics of gases and fluid of free-floating molecules Brownian motion etc best described the structural limits of the corporation a cybernetic society of control according to Ashby cybernetic model of feedback and information all life is potentially mechanical depending on the kind of information that communicates in the control society just as much as the Disciplinary one humans are not only potential machines but the decline in the essence of life as converting most of the masses into organic cybernetic robots who now float in a gaseous artificial ecosystem humans become reduced to cultural cyborgs and culture becomes reduced to active memes the third instrument Deleuze views as significant as the test the test replaces the examination crucially tests require no awareness of them ever being conducted and to the extent that one may be aware of being tested there is again never a clear model in place to adhere to tests are important for determining the pattern of behavior one exemplifies which is why Deleuze says marketing may well be a key form of social control today as it relies strongly on testing to determine patterns of consumption that aid in economic domination the freedom imagined by the Enlightenment dream of Reason the multiple Liberation's from ignorance disease tyranny the pathological is continually territory alized by strategies of economic domination the carceral network of power knowledge installed by a proliferating economy of expert judges of normality psychiatrists teachers diploma holders creates subjects who practice self-control who are continually self-diagnosing make docile by a fear of being and becoming pathological utilized by a fear of lack because of digital technology in the world at the present time it is becoming clear that we are entering a post disciplinary or hyper readable era of control and paranoia the shift from discipline to control from the came to the psychiatric drug describes the neoliberal corporate exploitation of disorder the economic inefficiency of the cane is replaced by the lucrative multiplicity of continually updated pharmaceutical drugs in this context the disordered body is opened up to a direct economic harvest that is also a continual remo building of the biopolitics of disorder this new political anatomy of chemical control transmits a new normative language that animates the detailed machinery of pathologize ation which speaks of shifting chemical imbalances in the brain intensifying the micro politics of diagnosis in snaring the body in ever tightening chemical coils of control for example recent developments in pharmacogenomics had created third generation and the depressants that claim to be fabricated at a molecular level to target the precise neuronal mechanisms that underlie depressive symptoms as a post human disciplinary to the psychiatric pill passes through the surface of the body in order to modify it at the molecular level after the Second World War that is an intensification of psyche complex regimes of normative control that marketed as the Democratic reform of previous systems of authoritarian discipline this is known as the therapeutic term a crisis in the Disciplinary authority of the institution becomes a crisis of reason that produces an effective psyche politics and installs systems of therapeutic government ality preventative psychiatry / codes social problems as mental health issues the individuals inability to integrate into the control society must be a problem with the health of the individual a rapid increase in the economic power of the medical industrial complex results in the corporatization of health and well-being the diagnosis of new forms of mental illness requires the application of ever new pharmaceutical drugs the emergence of mass psychiatry shifts the focus from mental illness to mental health / coding a reign of social problems as mental health issues and offering proliferating methods of treatment increasing in economic and social status after the Second World War psychiatry announces a project of complete physical mental and social well-being within the home the church the school the prison and industrial firms it calls for the worldwide mobilisation of psychiatry anxiety is about social disorder become crises in mental health and opportunities for psychiatrists dialed social reforms that medicalize the political agenda and expand the political boundaries of the psyche complex for a growing body of sociological and cultural theorists the emergence of effective politics has brought about of tightening of normative regimens in the name of mental health happiness and well-being contemporary forms of therapeutic government allottee have intensified the micro politics of control for example state-sponsored happiness programs that aim to enhance well-being represent a new politics of behavior that infant Eliza's people as discontented children just as society is imagined as a patient or as diseased citizens are treated as dysfunctional wounded children who require repair hunting by the psyche complex the crises of the rational human subject are predominantly red in the psychoanalytic or therapeutic terms as a breakdown of systems of patriarchal discipline and liberating breakthrough of effective empathic other sensitive fluid weak feminine thought while such positions rest often on Krypto normative psychoanalytic claims about healthy forms of embodiment the psyche is political paradigm continues to dominate the high end of feminine and cultural theory delusion his close relations with his teacher the French rock star of psychoanalysis Jacques Lorcan influenced much of his reinterpretation and break with traditional fried Ian's theories particularly the theory of the Oedipus complex after the events of May 1968 Toulouse and gantry became involved at various levels in political social and psychoanalytic activities in France that saw the intensification by 1974 of socio-cultural movements in academic and cosmopolitan social circles from Paris to nineties in 1975 to 1977 175,000 people formed the anti-nuclear coalition movement protesting against the use of nuclear power the same year the French government would legalize the rights to abortion the French cosmopolitan underground movements that flourished during the 1970s were an elite social movement of educated publics who were inspired by the work of balloons gap tree and focused as well as the anti-psychiatry movement represented by the Scottish psychiatrist RD Laing of the time gap tree worked with patients under Jean our II of the larboard private clinic just south of Paris larboard was considered a landmark the French Shanta psychiatry but listening to its director Jean how early is enough to convince the most reticent that the wide gulf separated the institutional psychotherapy enforced at larboard inspired by the teachings of Francois Tosk wells from the theses of anti-psychiatry our board unashamedly practiced psychiatry gat threes groundbreaking theories of schizo analysis a process meant to replace Freudian interpretation with or pragmatic experimental and collective approach to psychoanalysis unlike secular Freudianism which utilizes neuroses as the working model gap three adopted the model of schizophrenia which he believed to be an extreme mental state induced by the capitalist system itself and one that enforces neurosis as a way of maintaining normality unlike psychiatry and psychology psychoanalysis and illusion Lacanian method is not relayed from one subject to another still less from knowledgeable analysts to naive analyse and rather the analysis provides a space in which the Amalie sans relation to psychoanalysis can be changed the idea of collective therapy was a very popular practice amongst the educated klieg sand partygoers of Paris during the mid to late 70s what is often called to an analysis involved a non serial relationship between the analyst and the analyst and the analyst and was treated not as a patient but as in psychoanalyst herself in this situation people with marginal knowledge or training could participate in analyzing each other in subject groups or parties and the experience was often enhanced through the responsible use of drugs like cocaine in the 1970s or ecstasy by the 1980s in the domains of general practice and state-sponsored psychiatric clinics the general attitudes towards mental health in countries outside France are still several decades behind the times and are only now beginning to modernize their approach societies of control mark a certain transformation in politics coinciding with as jak Ron C L would say the age of post politics where our media management technocratic consensus seems to have replaced the ideological conflicts of the past and where the line between public and private domains becomes indiscernible there can be little doubt that we are living today in my control society the signs are all around us ubiquitous CCTV cameras filming public spaces the introduction of biometric scanning and face recognition technology in major airports the planned implementation of ID cards in the UK and elsewhere cards which would contain biometric information widespread DNA testing for even minor offences and the setting up of national DNA databases the use of electronic monitoring bracelets for offenders or terrorist suspects placed under home detention the use of smart cards on public transport systems and for accessing health services and so on we are seeing the development bit by bit of an all-encompassing system of surveillance and regulation the weaving of an intricate web of overlapping circuits of control information gathering and identification we live in a society that is more closely and minutely monitored regulated in police than ever before where personal privacy is more or less non-existent and where information about our whereabouts personal details and spending habits is ceaselessly collected by both governments and corporations the two entities are now orbiting distinguishable de Tocqueville in his exploration of American democracy in the 19th century spoke of a new despotism there an immense and protective power that stands above the race of men and keeps them in perpetual childhood today we can find this protective power operating in societies of control where surveillance technologies and government paternalism combined to hold us in a state of perpetual thraldom and dependency

46 thoughts on “Deleuze Guattari: Societies of Control and Antipsychiatry”

  1. The content is great but the robot voice sucks, obviously… I still feel like Gilles Deleuze was too pessimistic about capitalism just because it was fashionable in France during this time.. maybe If he were alive today he would less communist.

  2. Many of us have wondered why a man writing against cyberism would use a robot to read us his paper.
    Many people who get knowledgeable enough to write a paper like this one, have reached their sixties or later by that point, by which point they may also have lost enough breathing function, that they cannot complete reading a sentence in a single breath, nor draw the next breath within the time that fits intelligible recitation of the text. This would be bad enough while reading the fluffiest prose, but when reading extremely advanced material like this, so-much the-worse. And also, they would have lost the part of their vocal compass any more than a tiny bit below their regular speaking pitch, adding an unacceptable vocal artifact every few syllables or so.
    Before the Internet, recorded speeches would have been published formally, with the budget to hire a "paid reader" to do the recitation, but with "self-publishing," a publishing "budget" is often nonexistent.
    Lots of people can not "recite" their own writings "intelligibly" or esthetically acceptably, into a recording microphone.
    This is why they would resort to, using a robotic narrator, to get the job-done "semi-decently," even realizing it's still quite "sub-ideal."
    Thank you.

  3. Rather good video – tying to make my way through "A Thousand Plateaus".

     I thought the robot voice was a nice touch – ironic whether it was intentional or not.

    It is Arborescent meaning tree-like not Aborescent in contrast to a rhizome.

  4. A video on the nefarious effects of cybernetics with… a robot narrator. Is this a joke or is OP kinda stupid?

  5. this video may be a bit more tolerable if the voice was actually a human voice. I mean, what are you critiquing here? It is completely contradicted by the fact that im listening to a robot. gooodnesss

  6. paranoid intellectual conspiracy theories, Deleuze's arguments fall apart or at least severely weakened when you question the implicit assertion at the heart of his writing.

  7. independence is good for Britain and the world is time to enter the 21 century with this 19 century leaders such as Cameron and the distorted Europe a good jolt of freshness and new ideas the Scottish independence shall bring to the world, peace and prosperity and the collapse of the gangsters and looters of the financial centre of London those responsible for the worlds economical collapse and endless wars, as washington is just the toy dog of this financiers, liberate Scotland save Europe and enter the 21 century.  VOTE YES FOR THE SAKE OF THE  CENTURY help the British people to evolve and liberate them of their mind control impose by the city financiers media brainwash and looters of the wise and noble.

  8. The society that never stops becoming through the rhizome – it controls, and may not be controlled or regulated, continually expanding, innovating, accelerating circulating information and capital in the new networked age – how do we get out of this puzzle that contains us all and yet outside of benthams panoptic defined boundary?  We need new weapons to fight this war, or we are gone, mass movements have been marginalised by technological control, we need virus capability to halt this progress and regain control – develop cell walls that are impenetrable by technological advancement!

  9. Whenever trivial things begin to bore you, fast food seems less and less pleasurable, …when puppies and smiley faces make more sense against a backdrop of war, when petty crime ceases to scare the daylights out of you, …if you have had these or any combination of these symptoms, see your doctor immediately, there is a pill that can help. Suspenda is a pill that targets the centers of the brain that control reality, shuts them off…
    The Journal of Magnus Opium
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  10. the subject matter sounds fascinating. surely the strange computerized voice over is itself trying to convey a point, but incurred in me what felt like the onset of a nightmarish fit. couldn't, sadly, stomach it for long. 🙁

  11. This is astounding! Did you write this? If so, could you please provide a link to the text? I would very much like to read it.

  12. I always found Chomsky lectures and interviews immanently useful and highly illuminating well beyond what Continental philosophers say about power, politics, etc. (Not that those deep thinkers are wrong). Chomsky gets right to what it means in plain English and without oversimplification.

  13. You're better off just listening to an hour lecture by Chomsky! Also, money has always been fetishised. As for cyber technology, it has far less impact on the globe than sewerage systems or the steam engine, or the telegraph.

  14. Taking into consideration that you are just beginning to read Deleuze, I would recommend the Deleuze Dictionary. The entire notion of a Deleuzian dictionary is very counter intuitive but it is actually quite helpful. Deleuze never uses the same word with with the same meaning twice but the text does a fairly good job presenting the general context and the lines of flight.

  15. This sounds very nice. I have a bigger background with deleuzes texts on other philosophers (nietzsche, bergson, spinoza, kant, etc) but am finally coming into more of the stuff he did with guattari.

  16. Yes, please let me know if you need any files and want to discourse with me. I need to practice my english!

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